Tuesday, February 13, 2018

Selukai - Goniothalamus sp

Kayu selukai is the dried bark of Goniothalamus trees.  The Genera Goniothalamus of Annonaceae family consists of 160 species distributed throughout tropical S.E.Asia.  In Borneo alone, there are some 30 species of Goniothalamus, 14  of which were recorded in Sarawak.

Species of Goniothalamus are generally called selukai or kayu hujan panas.  They are all small trees of the under-storey.  The bark is aromatic, strong and stringy.  The dry bark is sold as kulit selukai, and burnt to keep mosquitoes and evil spirits away.  

Saturday, February 10, 2018

Kelili - Lepisanthes alata

Synonyms : Otophora alata
Common names : Krumbi, Kelili, Engkilili ( Sarawak ) ; Kelelek, Gegelek ( Johor ) ; Ceri Terengganu, Perupok.
Family : Sapindaceae

Origin : Borneo, Java, the Philippines
Habitat : riverside, lowland forest, clayish soils

Botanical Description :
Annual, small tree.
Foliage : compound, 8-12 pairs leaflets ; leaflet 20-45cm long, ovate-lanceolate.  Glabrous at base, entire margin, pointed tips ; young leaves pinkish-purple, green when mature.
Flowers : monoecious, cluster, scentless; 5 purple-red petals.
Fruits : trigonous-obovoid, pointed tip, 2.5-4cm diameter, mature fruits red to dark red colour, translucent fleshy pulp, seed 1-5.

Buah Letup - Physalis angulata

Common names :
Wild gooseberry, ground cherry, bladder cherry, Chinese lantern, cut leaf ground cherry, cutleaf ground cherry, Indian gooseberry, etc

Origin : Tropical America
Distribution : Pan tropical
Habitat : Borders of woods, wasteland, sideways, croplands, fallow land etc. Grows well in moist, nitrate-rich soils  ; prefer full sunlight, but tolerate partial shade.

Botanical Description :
Annual, herbaceous.
Stem – angled, hollow
Leaves – ovate to ovate-oblong ; obtuse, acute or rounded at base ; irregular toothed, 3-15cm long, 2-10cm wide.
Flowers – stalk 5-40cm length, corolla yellowish-green; anthers bluish or violet.
Fruit – orange round berry, 1-1.8cm long ; enclosed in a balloon-like green ( pale brown when dry ) calyx of 5 lobes with small apical opening.
Seeds – disc-shaped to broadly reniform, 1-2mm long, pale yellow

Uses :
Edible fruit – raw or cooked
Young leaves – cooked as a potherb

A Walk Through the Tamu Sarikei 2018

Fruits / Leaves / Roots



Monday, January 29, 2018

黄金果 Abiu

黄金果is known by different regional names in countries of production: Abiu in Brazil; in Trinidad it is the yellow star apple or caimitt ; Colombians know it as the caimo, caimito amarillo or madura verde; in Ecuador it is known as the luma or cauje; in Venezuela as temare; in Portugal as abieiro; and in Ghana as alasa.

Pouteria caimito ( Family : Sapotaceae ), is a tropical fruit tree originated in the Amazonian region of South America. It is a common dooryard tree in the backyards and streets in the city of many Brazilian towns, but it is not usually grown commercially.

The abiu habitats are nearly all tropical. It will thrive in a place that has a year-round warm and moist climate.

It will grow an average of 10 m high, and can grow as high as 35 m under good conditions. The abiu varies a lot in form, size and quality of the fruit. Some have soft and others firm flesh. Some taste bland while others have very nice flavor.  Its fruits shape varies from round to oval, pointed at the distal end. When ripe, it has smooth bright yellow skin and will have one to four ovate seeds. The inside of the fruit is translucent and white. It has a creamy and jelly-like texture.

Monday, December 25, 2017

Renaissance Art - Canestra di frutta

Basket of Fruit ( Italian: Canestra di frutta) (c.1599) is a still life oil painting by the Italian Baroque master Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571–1610), which hangs in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana (Ambrosian Library), Milan.

It shows a wicker basket perched on the edge of a ledge. The basket contains a selection of summer fruit.

Caravaggio's Fruit: A Mirror on Baroque Horticulture
Jules Janick
Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture
Purdue University, West Lafayette Indiana 479076-2010

“ The uppermost fruit is a good-sized, light-red peach1  (Prunus persica) attached to a stem with wormholes in the leafi resembling damage by oriental fruit moth (Orthosia hibisci).

Beneath it is a single bicolored apple2 (Malus pumila), shown from a stem perspective with two insect entry holes, probably codling moth, one of which shows secondary rot at the edge;
one blushed yellow pear3 with insect predations resembling damage by leaf roller (Archips argyospita);
four figs (Ficus carica), two white4a and two purple4b—the purple ones dead ripe and splitting along the sides, plus a large fig leaf with a prominent fungal scorch lesion resembling anthracnose (Glomerella cingulata);
and a single unblemished quince5 (Cydonia oblonga) with a leafy spur showing fungal spotsii.

There are four clusters of grapes (Vitis vinifera), black6a, red6b, golden6c, and white6d; the red cluster on the right shows several mummied fruit, while the two clusters on the left each show an overripe berry. There are two grape leaves, one severely desiccated and shrivelediii while the other contains spotsiv and evidence of an egg mass. “