Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Malpighia emarginata - acerola



Scienific name : Malpighia emarginata





Synonyms : Malpighia berteroana,  Malpighia lanceolate, Malpighia punicifolia var. lancifolia , Malpighia punicifolia var. obovate,  Malpighia punicifolia var. vulgaris, Malpighia retusa,  Malpighia umbellate, Malpighia urens var. lanceolate



Common name : acerola ( South America ) , Barbados cherry, seriz ( Haiti )

Origin : Yucatán, Central America



Propagation : seed & cutting


Description ( Fruit ) : drupe, red, 1-3cm diameter, 3-5g weight. 3 lobed, 3 triangular seeds.  

Uses : Fruit is edible, make into juice and pulps etc




Tuesday, February 13, 2018

Selukai - Goniothalamus sp



Kayu selukai is the dried bark of Goniothalamus trees.  The Genera Goniothalamus of Annonaceae family consists of 160 species distributed throughout tropical S.E.Asia.  In Borneo alone, there are some 30 species of Goniothalamus, 14  of which were recorded in Sarawak.


Species of Goniothalamus are generally called selukai or kayu hujan panas.  They are all small trees of the under-storey.  The bark is aromatic, strong and stringy.  The dry bark is sold as kulit selukai, and burnt to keep mosquitoes and evil spirits away.  




Saturday, February 10, 2018

Kelili - Lepisanthes alata




Synonyms : Otophora alata
Common names : Krumbi, Kelili, Engkilili ( Sarawak ) ; Kelelek, Gegelek ( Johor ) ; Ceri Terengganu, Perupok.
Family : Sapindaceae


Origin : Borneo, Java, the Philippines
Habitat : riverside, lowland forest, clayish soils


Botanical Description :
Annual, small tree.
Foliage : compound, 8-12 pairs leaflets ; leaflet 20-45cm long, ovate-lanceolate.  Glabrous at base, entire margin, pointed tips ; young leaves pinkish-purple, green when mature.
Flowers : monoecious, cluster, scentless; 5 purple-red petals.
Fruits : trigonous-obovoid, pointed tip, 2.5-4cm diameter, mature fruits red to dark red colour, translucent fleshy pulp, seed 1-5.
 

Buah Letup - Physalis angulata

Common names :
Wild gooseberry, ground cherry, bladder cherry, Chinese lantern, cut leaf ground cherry, cutleaf ground cherry, Indian gooseberry, etc


Origin : Tropical America
Distribution : Pan tropical
Habitat : Borders of woods, wasteland, sideways, croplands, fallow land etc. Grows well in moist, nitrate-rich soils  ; prefer full sunlight, but tolerate partial shade.

Botanical Description :
Annual, herbaceous.
Stem – angled, hollow
Leaves – ovate to ovate-oblong ; obtuse, acute or rounded at base ; irregular toothed, 3-15cm long, 2-10cm wide.
Flowers – stalk 5-40cm length, corolla yellowish-green; anthers bluish or violet.
Fruit – orange round berry, 1-1.8cm long ; enclosed in a balloon-like green ( pale brown when dry ) calyx of 5 lobes with small apical opening.
Seeds – disc-shaped to broadly reniform, 1-2mm long, pale yellow

Uses :
Edible fruit – raw or cooked
Young leaves – cooked as a potherb



A Walk Through the Tamu Sarikei 2018


Fruits / Leaves / Roots






















Fauna










 kuih-muih





Monday, January 29, 2018

黄金果 Abiu




黄金果is known by different regional names in countries of production: Abiu in Brazil; in Trinidad it is the yellow star apple or caimitt ; Colombians know it as the caimo, caimito amarillo or madura verde; in Ecuador it is known as the luma or cauje; in Venezuela as temare; in Portugal as abieiro; and in Ghana as alasa.


Pouteria caimito ( Family : Sapotaceae ), is a tropical fruit tree originated in the Amazonian region of South America. It is a common dooryard tree in the backyards and streets in the city of many Brazilian towns, but it is not usually grown commercially.

The abiu habitats are nearly all tropical. It will thrive in a place that has a year-round warm and moist climate.


It will grow an average of 10 m high, and can grow as high as 35 m under good conditions. The abiu varies a lot in form, size and quality of the fruit. Some have soft and others firm flesh. Some taste bland while others have very nice flavor.  Its fruits shape varies from round to oval, pointed at the distal end. When ripe, it has smooth bright yellow skin and will have one to four ovate seeds. The inside of the fruit is translucent and white. It has a creamy and jelly-like texture.