Tuesday, June 5, 2018
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Thursday, May 31, 2018
Scientific Name : Ficus pumila
Synonyms : Ficus hanceana, F. longipedicellata, F. pumila var. lutchuensis, F. repens var. lutchuensis, F. scandens. F. stipulate, F. stipulate, F. vestita, Plagiostigma pumila, P. stipulate, Tenorea heterophylla. Urostigma scandens, Varinga repens.
Common names : Climbing fig, creeping fig, 薜荔
Varieties & Cultivars
Ficus pumila var. awkeotsang 愛玉子
Ficus pumila var quercifolia
Ficus pumila ‘Curly’
Ficus pumila ‘Variegated’
Ficus pumila ‘Snowflake’
F. pumila is native to the Old World tropics but is now cultivated and in some cases invasive to introduced places.
Reported to be invasive in Cuba , Hawaii, New Zealand, Florida
Potential poisonous to mammals.
The juvenile phase of this plant is morphologically different from the adult phase. Juvenile plant attaining several metres in length, much branched, climbing by means of adventitious roots; stems flattened; leaves 1.5-2.5 cm long, ovate to oblong, retuse at the apex, very closely spaced.
Adult plant developing into a much branched liana, with adventitious roots, attaining 10 m in length; produces abundant white latex when wounded. Stems flattened, striate, tomentose, glabrescent when mature, with short pendulous branches. Leaves alternate, simple, 4-7 × 2.2-4 cm, oblong, oblanceolate, ovate, or elliptical, the apex obtuse, the base subcordiform, the margins entire; upper surface dark green, slightly shiny, with the venation notably lighter; lower surface light green, dull, with prominent reticulate venation; petioles 1.3-1.6 cm long, flattened on the upper surface, pubescent, light brown; stipules oblong-lanceolate to subulate, persistent, 1-1.2 cm long, brown, sericeous. Syconium green, pyriform, up to 6 cm long, soft.
F. pumila has a symbiotic relationship with Blastophaga pumilae , an agaonid wasp for pollination, and is fed upon by larvae of the butterfly Marpesia petreus.
Landscape : Green walls, topiari
Ethnobotanical : Traditional Chinese herb
Tuesday, May 22, 2018
Scienific name : Malpighia emarginata
Common name : acerola ( South America ) , Barbados cherry, seriz ( Haiti )
Origin : Yucatán, Central America
Propagation : seed & cutting
Uses : Fruit is edible, make into juice and pulps etc
Tuesday, February 13, 2018
Kayu selukai is the dried bark of Goniothalamus trees. The Genera Goniothalamus of Annonaceae family consists of 160 species distributed throughout tropical S.E.Asia. In Borneo alone, there are some 30 species of Goniothalamus, 14 of which were recorded in Sarawak.
Species of Goniothalamus are generally called selukai or kayu hujan panas. They are all small trees of the under-storey. The bark is aromatic, strong and stringy. The dry bark is sold as kulit selukai, and burnt to keep mosquitoes and evil spirits away.
Monday, February 12, 2018
Saturday, February 10, 2018
Common names : Krumbi, Kelili, Engkilili ( Sarawak ) ; Kelelek, Gegelek ( Johor ) ; Ceri Terengganu, Perupok.
Family : Sapindaceae
Habitat : riverside, lowland forest, clayish soils
Annual, small tree.
Foliage : compound, 8-12 pairs leaflets ; leaflet 20-45cm long, ovate-lanceolate. Glabrous at base, entire margin, pointed tips ; young leaves pinkish-purple, green when mature.
Flowers : monoecious, cluster, scentless; 5 purple-red petals.Fruits : trigonous-obovoid, pointed tip, 2.5-4cm diameter, mature fruits red to dark red colour, translucent fleshy pulp, seed 1-5.
Common names :
Wild gooseberry, ground cherry, bladder cherry, Chinese lantern, cut leaf ground cherry, cutleaf ground cherry, Indian gooseberry, etc
Origin : Tropical America
Distribution : Pan tropical
Habitat : Borders of woods, wasteland, sideways, croplands, fallow land etc. Grows well in moist, nitrate-rich soils ; prefer full sunlight, but tolerate partial shade.
Botanical Description :
Stem – angled, hollow
Leaves – ovate to ovate-oblong ; obtuse, acute or rounded at base ; irregular toothed, 3-15cm long, 2-10cm wide.
Flowers – stalk 5-40cm length, corolla yellowish-green; anthers bluish or violet.
Fruit – orange round berry, 1-1.8cm long ; enclosed in a balloon-like green ( pale brown when dry ) calyx of 5 lobes with small apical opening.
Seeds – disc-shaped to broadly reniform, 1-2mm long, pale yellow
Edible fruit – raw or cooked
Young leaves – cooked as a potherb