Tuesday, 5 March 2013

Dacryodes rostrata forma cuspidata - Kembayau

Kembayau is another exotic local fruit of Sarawak.  It is almost similar to dabai ( Canarium odontophyllum ), another local fruit, thus often mistaken as the same fruit.

It is actually fruits of Cacryodes rostrata forma cuspidata (Blume) H.J.Lam. of the Burseraceae family ( which also house the genus Canarium ), also synonyms D. rostrata f. pallida, D. rostrata f. pubescens, D. rostrata f. samarensis, Canarium articulatum, C. caudatifolium, C. crassifolium, C. cuspidatum, C. gilvescens, C. kadondon, C.minahassae, C. reticulatum, C. rostriferum, C rostiferum v cuspidatum, Dracontomelon cupidatum, Hemisantriria rostrata, Santiria Montana, S. rostrata, S. samarensis. etc.

The kembayau tree can grow up to 26 meter in height.
Leaves alternate, compound penni-veined, petiole base and tip swollen, petiole glabrous, leaf tip strongly elongated with widening at the tip.
Flowers 3mm in diameter, yellowish-white, in panicles.
Fruits 30mm long, fleshy drupes, exocarp dark purplish, flesh yellowish.

Kembayau timber can be used for planks and paddy pounders.
Resin extracted from the trunk are used for making torches.

Dacryodes rostrata has two forms : cuspidata and rostrata.  Interesting to know that D. rostrata is currently classified as “Least Concern” in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

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