Friday, July 2, 2010

Nature Fiber - Flax 亚麻


Flax fibers obtained from the stems of the plant Linum usitatissimum are used mainly to make linen. It grows best at northern temperate latitudes, where moderately moist summers yield fine, strong but silky flax.
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Fine and regular long flax fibers are spun into yarns for linen textiles. More than 70% of linen goes to clothing manufacture, where it is valued for its exceptional coolness in hot weather.
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Linen fabric maintains a strong traditional niche among high quality household textiles – bed linen, furnishing fabrics, and interior decoration accessories.
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Shorter flax fibers produce heavier yarns suitable for kitchen towels, sails, tents and canvas. Lower fiber grades are use as reinforcement an filler in thermoplastic composites and thermoset resins used in automotive interior substrates, furniture, and other consumer products.
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The leading producers of flax fiber are France, Belgium and the Netherlands. Other significant producers are China, Belarus and the Russian Federation.
In 2007, the European Union produced 122,000 tonnes of flax fiber, making it the world’s biggest producer, followed by China with about 25,000 tonnes.
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