Synonym - Casuarina sumatrana.. .
Its native to tropical
Gymnostoma sumatranumis a family of Casuarinaceae, of order Fagales. Casuarinaceae consist of 3 or 4 genera and approximately 70 species of trees and shrubs native to the Old World tropics,
A moderately large tree, capable to grow up to 30 meter in heights. Twigs are evergreen, drooping equisetoid. Foliage is of multiple ronded umbrella shaped crowns. The roots have nitrogen fixing nodules that contain the soil actinomycetes Frankia. Stems are angular or tetrahedral in cross section. Female inflorescences are borne terminally . .
G. sumatranum is propagated by seeds. Requires a well-drained medium. Germination in 30-90 days.
Propagation by rooting stem shows about 60 – 70 % of success with mature softwood stem cuttings. Rooted cuttings inoculated with Frankia were easily transplanted and established in field conditions with very low (about 3%) mortality. (1). .
Its widely use as ornamental trees.
Produce superior quality charcoal in
1.Goh C.J. et al, A Simple and Efficient Method of Clonal Propagation of Casuarina sumatrana, Plant Growh Regulation 17:115-120, 1995 (http://www.springerlink.com/content/t725m458205j1074/ )
2. Wikipedia ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gymnostoma_sumatranum )
3. Innovations in Tropical Reforestation Casuarinas, nitrogen-fixing trees for adverse sites (http://nzdl.sadl.uleth.ca/cgi-bin/library.cgi?e=d-00000-00---off-0hdl--00-0----0-10-0---0---0direct-10---4-------0-1l--11-en-50---20-about---00-0-1-00-0-0-11-1-0utfZz-8-00&a=d&cl=CL2.18.5&d=HASH010c345e11867f606d9a3478.11)