Common names : Casuarina, Australian pine, beach she-oak, beef wood-tree, whistling pine
Casuarina is from the Malay word ‘kasuari’, an allusion to the twigs of cassowary bird.
equisetifolia is derived from the Latin ‘equinus’, pertaining to horses, and ‘folium’, a leaf, in reference to the fine, drooping twigs, which are reminiscent of coarse horse hair.
Propagation & Cultivation
Propagation by seeds; cutting from branclests, treated with IBA/IAA/NAA; air-layering is practice, but too costly for large scale operation.
Inoculation with pure strains of Frakia prior to transplanting to field.
Planting density of 2,500stem/ha. Harvested at 10th – 15th years.
May plant up to 8,000-10,000 stems/ha for firewood. Harvested at 4th – 5th years. Yield 10 – 20 MT/ha/year.
Firewood : Calorific value 500kcal/kg. Highly regarded wood, ignites readily even when green. Regarded “the best firewood in the world”.
Charcoal : Calorific value 7000kcal/kg .
Paper : Wood to produce paper pulp using neutral sulphate and semi-chemical process.
Timber : Heavy hardwood. Density 900-100kg/m3. Used as house post, rafters, electtic poles, tool handles, oars, wagon wheels, etc.
Folk medicine : Root extrcts are used for treating dysentry, diarrhea, stomach ache. Twigs are used for treating swelling. Powdered bark is used for treating pimples.
Erosion control : planted along coastlines, estuaries, riverbanks, waterways.
Horticulture : Landscape, bongsai.
Weed : Reported to be an invasive weed in
Others : Tannin, boat making, wind breaker, living fences, nitrogen-fixing.